Moderne Home: Linoleum
Linoleum was first made by Fredrick Walton in 1860 as a cheaper alternative to the Kamptulicon rubber floor popular during the Victorian period. Linoleum is made from oxidized linseed oil, ground cork, wood dust formed on a jute backing.
Linoleum was adopted by the modern designers and Bauhaus architects and was most popular between 1900-1930. Linoleum was an ideal product for the modern home because it was a low cost and hardwearing. It also came in an array of patterns of tiles, planks and parquet and persian carpet patterns.
And where most vinyl patterns are printed into the surface, linoleum's colors go all the way through. "As linoleum wears, different layers of color are gradually revealed," says Duo Dickinson, an architect in Madison, Connecticut, who has also used the material on backsplashes and countertops. "It can be quite beautiful." Durability is another of linoleum's attributes; some floors have survived 30 to 40 years in tough commercial environments. "It seems to last forever," Working with Linoleum Flooring: This Old House
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