Victorian houses used wooden floorboards. They
were laid onto joists and nailed down. The floor boards created a suspended
floor, where the air-gap helped to prevent damp.
floorboards were narrower than the Victorians. They were butted up against
each other or tongue and grooved. Boards were made from pine or deal
and stained or waxed to look like hardwood. Bedroom wooden floors would
of been parquet or boards painted white with a rug in the centre.
and Oak Floor Boards
flooring was popular between the Edwardian and Thirties period. Parquet
flooring is most suitable for solid floors i.e. concrete, which would
most likely to be on the ground floor of the house like the hall and
living space. Parquetry is small blocks of hardwood glued down onto
a subfloor providing a hardwearing surface to cater with daily life.
The block would be laid down in a geometrical pattern to create a decorative
effect; the herringbone pattern was most popular.
was first made by Fredrick
Walton in 1860 as a cheaper alternative to the Kamptulicon
rubber floor popular during the Victorian
period. Linoleum is made from oxidized linseed oil, ground cork, wood
dust formed on a jute backing.
was adopted by the modern designers and Bauhaus
architects and was most popular between 1900-1930. Linoleum was an ideal
product for the modern home because it was a low cost and hardwearing.
It also came in an array of patterns of tiles, planks and parquet and
persian carpet patterns.
Tiles: Encaustic, Geometric & Quarry
Encaustic tiles are a ceramic tile where the pattern is inlaid into
the body of the tile. The patterns were made up of different colours
of clay, heated into a liquid (slip) and poured into a mould and fired.
Encaustic tiles were first developed and used in the medieval period.
It was in the Gothic Revival of the Victorian age that brought them
back into popular demand.
tiles were often unglazed but were very hardwearing, being thick and
heavy and were often used for floors in churches and cathedrals, great
houses, railway stations and public buildings including the Houses of
tiles are small plain tiles set in a repetitive pattern of two or more
colours, using a very fine grout line between.
properties from 1870 to around 1910 usually had a modified suspended
timber floor. Joists were laid at the same level as those for surrounding
boarded floors, with battens and pugging boards added at the bottom
of the joists to form troughs. The troughs were then packed with a lime
pugging, and the tiles laid on a wet screed of around half an inch (12mm)
pulled over the top. Victorian
& Edwardian Tiles Floors by Peter Thompson
tiles are traditionally red or grey made from hard unglazed clay. Found
in kitchens and other areas that recieve heavy wear and tear.
coloured tiles were often laid in staggered courses like brickwork,
or diagonally, rather than in the square grid pattern favoured today.
Links to Articles
of Parquet Flooring: Parquet House
of Russian Parquet Flooring
for your Parquet Floor: Parquet House
Wooden Flooring: Eat Sleep Live
Oak Parquet Flooring: LASSCO
with Linoleum Flooring: This Old House
Lino: My Workman
Lino: DIY Doctor
and Linoleum Repair Tips: The Natural Handyman
vs. Linoleum: Floor Ideas
Sanding and varnishing a herringbone wooden floor
4 Homes Forum
Frith Photo Archive
Architecture: Britain Express
at Buildings: Pevsner Architectural Guides