Encaustic tiles are a ceramic tile where the pattern is inlaid into
the body of the tile. The patterns were made up of different colours
of clay, heated into a liquid (slip) and poured into a mould and fired.
Encaustic tiles were first developed and used in the medieval period.
It was in the Gothic Revival of the Victorian age that brought them
back into popular demand.
tiles were often unglazed but were very hardwearing, being thick and
heavy and were often used for floors in churches and cathedrals, great
houses, railway stations and public buildings including the Houses of
tiles are small plain tiles set in a repetitive pattern of two or more
colours, using a very fine grout line between.
properties from 1870 to around 1910 usually had a modified suspended
timber floor. Joists were laid at the same level as those for surrounding
boarded floors, with battens and pugging boards added at the bottom
of the joists to form troughs. The troughs were then packed with a lime
pugging, and the tiles laid on a wet screed of around half an inch (12mm)
pulled over the top. Victorian
& Edwardian Tiles Floors by Peter Thompson
red or grey made from hard unglazed clay. Found in kitchens and other
areas that recieve heavy wear and tear.
coloured tiles were often laid in staggered courses like brickwork,
or diagonally, rather than in the square grid pattern favoured today.
Links to Tile Products
Tiles by Philip James
Dunnill Jackfield Ltd
Links to Articles
tiles: The Victorian Society
& J Ackson Tilefixing
Encaustic & Geometric Floor Tiles: T.A.C.S.
brief history of tile making: Stroke on Tent City Council
& Edwardian Tiles Floors by Peter Thompson: Building Conservation
Victorian Encaustic & Geometric Floor Tiles
tiles : The Victorian Society
Moroccan tile: encaustic floor tile
4 Homes Forum
Frith Photo Archive
Architecture: Britain Express
at Buildings: Pevsner Architectural Guides